Adaptador Wi-Fi USB no antiX 19.3 full 64 bits

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  • This topic has 15 replies, 3 voices, and was last updated Apr 3-7:34 am by Xecure.
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  • #56634
    Member
    marcelocripemarcelocripe

    Olá caros,

    Preciso de ajuda …

    Eu estou com 4 peças de 7 ou 8 adaptadores Wi-Fi disponíveis da ONG.

    Os adaptadores Wi-Fi não possuem marca visível, a única identificação que possui no corpo da peça é “802.11n”. Alguns destes adaptadores foram detectados pelo antiX 19.3 64 bits full, mas a maioria não foram identificados pelo antiX. Os que foram detectados, eu percebi que o sinal da conexão fica variando muito, na maioria das vezes o “Package Installer” não percebe qualquer tipo de conexão com a internet, poucas vezes o “Synaptic” consegue perceber conexão. Utilizando o “anti WiFi Switch” e configurando o “Ceni” como programa gerenciador de conexão de rede, a instabilidade no sinal permaneceu. Eu utilizei um smartphone conectado na rede Wi-Fi da ONG e conectei o smartphone via USB para conseguir instalar as traduções do LibreOffice e do Firefox, posteriormente instalei outros programas e atualizações utilizando o magnifico programa “my-offline-repo-0118.zip” do Xecure.

    Adaptador-Wi-Fi-USB-Ralink-MT7601-U

    Seguindo os ensinamentos do Xecure no tópico: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/suggestion-for-thumb-wifi-usb-for-antis-19-3/ e em outros tópicos que consegui copiar os comandos e apliquei os comandos para identificar dos dispositivos adaptadores de Wi-Fi USB.

    No caso abaixo, o adaptador Wi-Fi é detectado pelo antiX 19.3 64 bits full, tanto com o “Connan” ou quanto com o “Ceni”, não há a estabilidade no sinal que oscila entre zero até valor máximo várias vezes seguida, não sendo possível navegar na internet ou instalar programas com o “Package Installer” ou “Synaptic”.

    $ inxi -Nxx
    Network:
    Device-1: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet
    vendor: Micro-Star MSI driver: r8169 v: 2.3LK-NAPI port: c800
    bus ID: 02:00.0 chip ID: 10ec:8168
    Device-2: Ralink MT7601U Wireless Adapter type: USB driver: mt7601u
    bus ID: 1-5:3 chip ID: 148f:7601
    cca8@antix8:~

    Mantive conectado o primeiro e conectei o segundo adaptador Wi-Fi que não é detectado pelo antiX 19.3 64 bits full, o”Connan” e o “Ceni” não percebem que hou a conexão do segundo dispositivo.

    cca8@antix8:~
    $ lspci -nn
    02:00.0 Ethernet controller [0200]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet Controller [10ec:8168] (rev 01)

    cca8@antix8:~
    $ lsusb
    Bus 001 Device 003: ID 148f:7601 Ralink Technology, Corp. MT7601U Wireless Adapter

    $ sudo dmesg | grep -i “wifi\|ath\|802.11”
    cca8@antix8:~
    $ sudo dmesg | grep -i “wifi\|ath\|802.11”
    [ 2.672687] usb 1-5: Product: 802.11 n WLAN
    [ 4780.818959] usb 1-1: Product: 802.11n
    [ 9413.477962] usb 1-1: Product: 802.11n

    Daqui a pouco compartilho os dados do outro computador com os outros dois adaptadores Wi-Fi USB.

    Desde já eu agradeço a quem puder me ajudar.

    marcelocripe

    #56637
    Member
    XecureXecure

    Hi, marcelo.

    As you have properly identified in your post

    Device-2: Ralink MT7601U Wireless Adapter type: USB driver: mt7601u
    bus ID: 1-5:3 chip ID: 148f:7601

    The Ralink MT7601U (chip ID 148f:7601) uses the mt7601u driver.
    Based on what it says in https://linux-hardware.org/?id=usb:148f-7601, the device driver is correct (mt7601u) and it is included in the linux kernel since version 4.2, so it is correctly identified by the antiX Linux OS.
    You will have to check for errors in dmesg with
    sudo dmesg | grep -i "wifi\|wlan\|mt7601u\|802.11\|80211\|148f:7601"
    I suspect it may be missing a firmware file, and dmesg should explain where it expects to find it.
    On linux-hardware.org, a user got Debian 10 to detect the device (similarly to how antiX did), but it doesn’t seem to work.

    Let us know the dmesg output and we may be able to figure something out.

    PS: In case it is the firmware that is missing, download it from here, and copy it to the system (with root privileges) to /lib/firmware/

    #56645
    Member
    marcelocripemarcelocripe

    Olá Xecure,

    Eu agradeço por mais estes ensinamentos.

    $ sudo dmesg | grep -i “wifi\|wlan\|mt7601u\|802.11\|80211\|148f:7601”
    [sudo] senha para cca8:
    [ 1.934854] usb 1-1: Product: 802.11n
    [ 2.897148] usb 1-5: Product: 802.11 n WLAN
    [ 13.266947] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: ASIC revision: 76010001 MAC revision: 76010500
    [ 13.309297] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Firmware Version: 0.1.00 Build: 7640 Build time: 201302052146____
    [ 13.672461] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: EEPROM ver:0d fae:00
    [ 13.896943] ieee80211 phy0: Selected rate control algorithm ‘minstrel_ht’
    [ 13.897356] usbcore: registered new interface driver mt7601u
    cca8@antix8:~
    $

    Olhei na pasta que você indicou (/lib/firmware/) está o arquivo “mt7601u.bin”

    Firmware-7601-U-na-pasta-30-03-2021

    Daqui a pouco eu enviarei as informações dos outros dois adaptadores Wi-Fi USB.

    Obrigado

    marcelocripe

    #56647
    Member
    marcelocripemarcelocripe

    Xecure,

    Os dados a seguir são do outro computador que possui placa-mãe P4M900-M7 FE rev.: 7.0 e vídeo Via TV8237A. Somente com a ISO “antiX-19-legacy-bet2_386-base.iso”, que você construiu, que funcionou bem o antiX neste computador, a resolução está em 1280×1024 é a primeira vez que eu vejo uma resolução tão alta para a ISO Legacy.

    Os outros dois adaptadores Wi-Fi USB estão conectados no computador, o ”Connan” e o “Ceni” não detectam que estes dispositivos estão conectados.

    cca5@antix5:~
    $ inxi -Fnz
    System:
    Host: antix5 Kernel: 4.4.240-antix.2-486-smp i686 bits: 32
    Desktop: IceWM 2.2.1
    Distro: antiX-19-legacy-bet2_386-base Lazarus 29 November 2020
    Machine:
    Type: Desktop Mobo: BIOSTAR model: P4M900-M7 FE v: Ver:1.0
    serial: <filter> BIOS: Phoenix v: 6.00 PG date: 06/25/2008
    CPU:
    Topology: Dual Core model: Pentium E5200 bits: 64 type: MCP
    L2 cache: 2048 KiB
    Speed: 2500 MHz min/max: N/A Core speeds (MHz): 1: 2500 2: 2500
    Graphics:
    Device-1: VIA CN896/VN896/P4M900 [Chrome 9 HC] driver: N/A
    Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.16.4 driver: vesa resolution: 1280×1024~N/A
    OpenGL: renderer: llvmpipe (LLVM 7.0 128 bits) v: 3.1 Mesa 18.3.6
    Audio:
    Device-1: VIA VT8237A/VT8251 HDA driver: snd_hda_intel
    Sound Server: ALSA v: k4.4.240-antix.2-486-smp
    Network:
    Device-1: VIA VT6102/VT6103 [Rhine-II] driver: via-rhine
    IF: eth0 state: unknown speed: 100 Mbps duplex: full mac: <filter>
    Drives:
    Local Storage: total: 74.53 GiB used: 3.54 GiB (4.8%)
    ID-1: /dev/sda vendor: Samsung model: SP0842N size: 74.53 GiB
    Partition:
    ID-1: / size: 28.71 GiB used: 3.41 GiB (11.9%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sda1
    ID-2: /home size: 40.34 GiB used: 140.6 MiB (0.3%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sda2
    ID-3: swap-1 size: 4.00 GiB used: 0 KiB (0.0%) fs: swap dev: /dev/sda3
    Sensors:
    System Temperatures: cpu: 38.0 C mobo: N/A
    Fan Speeds (RPM): N/A
    Info:
    Processes: 134 Uptime: 10m Memory: 1.72 GiB used: 246.7 MiB (14.0%)
    Shell: bash inxi: 3.0.36

    cca5@antix5:~
    $ inxi -Nxx
    Network:
    Device-1: VIA VT6102/VT6103 [Rhine-II] driver: via-rhine v: N/A port: d000
    bus ID: 00:12.0 chip ID: 1106:3065

    cca5@antix5:~
    $ lspci -nn
    00:00.0 Host bridge [0600]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 Host Bridge [1106:0364]
    00:00.1 Host bridge [0600]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 Host Bridge [1106:1364]
    00:00.2 Host bridge [0600]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 Host Bridge [1106:2364]
    00:00.3 Host bridge [0600]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 Host Bridge [1106:3364]
    00:00.4 Host bridge [0600]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 Host Bridge [1106:4364]
    00:00.5 PIC [0800]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 I/O APIC Interrupt Controller [1106:5364]
    00:00.6 Host bridge [0600]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 Security Device [1106:6364]
    00:00.7 Host bridge [0600]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 Host Bridge [1106:7364]
    00:01.0 PCI bridge [0604]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8237/VX700 PCI Bridge [1106:b198]
    00:02.0 PCI bridge [0604]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 PCI to PCI Bridge Controller [1106:a364] (rev 80)
    00:03.0 PCI bridge [0604]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 PCI to PCI Bridge Controller [1106:c364] (rev 80)
    00:0f.0 IDE interface [0101]: VIA Technologies, Inc. Device [1106:5337] (rev 80)
    00:0f.1 IDE interface [0101]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82C586A/B/VT82C686/A/B/VT823x/A/C PIPC Bus Master IDE [1106:0571] (rev 07)
    00:10.0 USB controller [0c03]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xx/62xx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller [1106:3038] (rev a0)
    00:10.1 USB controller [0c03]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xx/62xx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller [1106:3038] (rev a0)
    00:10.2 USB controller [0c03]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xx/62xx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller [1106:3038] (rev a0)
    00:10.3 USB controller [0c03]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xx/62xx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller [1106:3038] (rev a0)
    00:10.4 USB controller [0c03]: VIA Technologies, Inc. USB 2.0 [1106:3104] (rev 86)
    00:11.0 ISA bridge [0601]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8237A PCI to ISA Bridge [1106:3337]
    00:11.7 Host bridge [0600]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8237/8251 Ultra VLINK Controller [1106:287e]
    00:12.0 Ethernet controller [0200]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT6102/VT6103 [Rhine-II] [1106:3065] (rev 7c)
    00:13.0 Host bridge [0600]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8237A Host Bridge [1106:337b]
    00:13.1 PCI bridge [0604]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8237A PCI to PCI Bridge [1106:337a]
    01:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: VIA Technologies, Inc. CN896/VN896/P4M900 [Chrome 9 HC] [1106:3371] (rev 01)
    80:01.0 Audio device [0403]: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8237A/VT8251 HDA Controller [1106:3288] (rev 10)

    cca5@antix5:~
    $ lsusb
    Bus 001 Device 004: ID 0bda:f179 Realtek Semiconductor Corp.
    Bus 001 Device 002: ID 0bda:f179 Realtek Semiconductor Corp.
    Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
    Bus 005 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 003 Device 002: ID 15d9:0a4f Trust International B.V. Optical Mouse
    Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub

    cca5@antix5:~
    $ sudo dmesg | grep -i “wifi\|ath\|802.11”
    [sudo] senha para cca5:

    cca5@antix5:~
    $ sudo dmesg | grep -i “wifi\|ath\|802.11”

    Antes de instalar o antiX (com a ISO “antiX-19-legacy-bet2_386-base.iso”), havia pré instalado neste computador um Windows 7, ambos os adaptadores Wi-Fi USB funcionaram muito bem nos testes que eu fiz. Eu abrir o Gerenciador de Dispositivos e consegui identificar o controlador de cada uma das duas peças, ambas funcionavam com o “Realtek RTL8188 FTV Wireless LAN 802.11n USB 2.0 Network Adapter”. Eu não sei se esta informação é útil para ajudar a identificar um controlador equivalente para o antiX.

    Muito obrigado.

    marcelocripe

    #56655
    Member
    XecureXecure

    1. On Ralink MT7601U Wireless Adapter type: USB driver: mt7601u chip ID: 148f:7601
    Having it connected before booting up the machine, use antix-wifi-switch to change to ceni and use ceni to connect to a wifi access point. Next time it fails to connect, share the output with us
    sudo dmesg | grep -i “wifi\|wlan\|mt7601u\|802.11\|80211\|148f:7601”
    so we can see what the error messages are and if it constantly connects and reconnect. With a good symptoms description we may find the cause and maybe also the solution.

    2. For the other USB Device chip ID: 0bda:f179 Realtek Semiconductor Corp. 8188fu
    linux-hardware.org confirms that there is no driver included in any of the linux kernels for this device, so you need to use a community based driver.
    First you will need one of the antiX 4.19 kernels (depending on your architecture). You can use the my-offline-repo to do so and then install on the machine that will be using the wifi usb adapter.
    Here is a community driven driver for the rtl8188fu realtek usb wifi adapter: https://github.com/corneal64/Realtek-USB-Wireless-Adapter-Drivers
    You will need to download the firmware (here is an installer https://github.com/corneal64/Realtek-USB-Wireless-Adapter-Drivers/raw/master/rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb). If the machine runs 64 bits antiX, downloading the (amd64).deb installer may be enough. If not, you will need to download and install the needed dependencies.

    Follow instructions to build the driver.

    #56689
    Member
    marcelocripemarcelocripe

    Xecure,

    Eu tentei instalar o pacote “rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb” no “antiX-19-legacy-bet2_386-base.iso” utilizando o comando que você me ensinou no outro tópico.

    cca5@antix5:~/Downloads
    $ sudo apt install rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb
    Lendo listas de pacotes… Pronto
    Construindo árvore de dependências
    Lendo informação de estado… Pronto
    E: Impossível encontrar o pacote rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb
    E: Couldn’t find any package by glob ‘rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb’
    E: Não foi possível encontrar o pacote através da expressão regular ‘rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb’

    Eu não sei o que eu fiz de errado ao tentar instalar utilizando o comando acima.

    cca5@antix5:~/Downloads
    $ sudo dpkg -i rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb
    A seleccionar pacote anteriormente não seleccionado rtl8188fufw-firmware.
    (Lendo banco de dados … 118923 ficheiros e directórios actualmente instalados.)
    A preparar para desempacotar rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb …
    A descompactar rtl8188fufw-firmware (1.0.1) …
    Configurando rtl8188fufw-firmware (1.0.1) …

    Reiniciei o computador, o “Ceni” não consegue detectar o 0bda:f179 Realtek memso após a instalação do “rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb”.

    cca5@antix5:~
    $ sudo dmesg | grep -i “wifi\|wlan\|mt7601u\|802.11\|80211\|148f:7601”
    cca5@antix5:~
    $ sudo dmesg | grep -i “wifi\|ath\|802.11”
    cca5@antix5:~
    $ lsusb
    Bus 001 Device 003: ID 0bda:f179 Realtek Semiconductor Corp.
    Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
    Bus 005 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 002 Device 002: ID 15d9:0a4f Trust International B.V. Optical Mouse
    Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    cca5@antix5:~
    $ inxi -Nxx
    Network:
    Device-1: VIA VT6102/VT6103 [Rhine-II] driver: via-rhine v: N/A port: d000
    bus ID: 00:12.0 chip ID: 1106:3065
    cca5@antix5:~
    $

    Conectando o segundo adaptador USB Wi-Fi

    cca5@antix5:~
    $ lsusb
    Bus 001 Device 004: ID 0bda:f179 Realtek Semiconductor Corp.
    Bus 001 Device 003: ID 0bda:f179 Realtek Semiconductor Corp.
    Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
    Bus 005 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 002 Device 002: ID 15d9:0a4f Trust International B.V. Optical Mouse
    Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub

    Após as suas instruções e com os testes que eu fiz de hoje, consegui confirmar que estou com 3 adaptadores USB Wi-Fi 0bda:f179 Realtek. Assim que for possível, eu farei os mesmos testes com o antiX 19.3 full 64 bits.

    Grato.

    marcelocripe

    #56702
    Member
    marcelocripemarcelocripe

    Os testes no antiX 19.3 full 64 bits com o Ralink MT7601U no Adapitador Wireless USB driver: mt7601u chip ID: 148f:7601 eu tentei incluir no corpo desta mensagem, mas a página do fórum ficou muito lenta. Então eu vou tentar anexar um arquivo de texto.

    Grato.

    marcelocripe

    #56825
    Member
    XecureXecure

    sudo apt install rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb

    should be
    sudo apt install ./rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb
    It is best you write sudo apt install and then drag the file from the file manager to the terminal. This way you are sure you are not mistyping the name of the file or its path.

    Anyway, I wrote too quick my previous reply, as I didn’t have enough time for a thorough explanation. I will give it now.

    1. About Ralink MT7601U Wireless Adapter
    There is an error and a warning, but I don’t know what they mean:

    [  580.419218] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Error: send MCU cmd failed:-110
    [  580.923233] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Error: send MCU cmd failed:-110
    [  580.923312] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 3 at drivers/net/wireless/mediatek/mt7601u/dma.c:315 mt7601u_dma_enqueue_tx+0x242/0x260 [mt7601u]

    and that the connection to the wireless access point is interrupted as the driver is waiting for a response but it never gets it:

    [  601.348481] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): wlan0: link becomes ready
    [  631.656036] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Warning: mt7601u_mcu_wait_resp retrying
    [  633.008021] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Warning: mt7601u_mcu_wait_resp retrying
    [  633.312028] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Warning: mt7601u_mcu_wait_resp retrying
    [  633.616037] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Warning: mt7601u_mcu_wait_resp retrying
    [  633.920049] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Warning: mt7601u_mcu_wait_resp retrying
    [  634.224033] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Warning: mt7601u_mcu_wait_resp retrying
    [  634.224038] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Error: mt7601u_mcu_wait_resp timed out
    [  634.290635] mt7601u 1-5:1.0: Error: MCU resp evt:0 seq:e-d!

    I don’t know how changing the MAC address helps with your case, so I will not comment on this.

    I tried to search for the specific errors related to this mt7601u driver, but I didn’t find anything that could help. I found someone who got it to work on Ubuntu with a modified 5.3 kernel, but I searched for the changes in the official linux kernel repo log for mt7601u and I cannot find those specific changes included there. I will see if I can get to customize the antiX 4.19 kernel, include the change, and see if I am able to compile a .deb file for it (tomorrow I will have more time to explore this problem).

    2. Related to Realtek 8188fu
    To get a wireless device to work, it needs 2 things: a kernel module (driver) and a firmware file.
    Based on the unofficial git repo I linked above (https://github.com/corneal64/Realtek-USB-Wireless-Adapter-Drivers), to get that custom driver to work you need:
    1) Linux kernel from 4.15.x to 5.6.x (reason for which I recommended you install the antiX kernel 4.19.xxx).
    2A) Compile the driver for said kernel following the instructions listed in the readme file.
    or
    2B) If you have a 64 bits Debian based system with a kernel version described in 1), installing the two packages rtl8188fu-dkms_1.0.3_amd64.deb and rtl8188fufw-firmware_1.0.1.deb (compiled and built by the creator of the rtl8188fu driver) should make it so that you don’t need to follow the difficult steps in 2A).

    Those are your options available for the rtl8188fu driver. The easiest solution is provided for a 64 bit machine. The difficult solution (but something that can help a lot in learning more on building drivers/kernel modules) is downloading the git project and compiling the driver on the computer of choice (where the USB device will be used). I advice you first try on a 64bit machine with the provided .deb files just to see if the driver works.

    #56872
    Moderator
    capreacaprea

    It is best you write sudo apt install and then drag the file from the file manager to the terminal

    This is pretty cool, I never heard this works before.

    #56914
    Member
    marcelocripemarcelocripe

    Olá Xecure,

    Obrigado por todas as suas explicações e orientações..

    Eu fiz um teste que falta fazer, utilizar o Adaptador Wireless USB Ralink MT7601U no antiX Legacy (“antiX-19-legacy-bet2_386-base.iso”). Eu não sei porque, mas no Legacy este dispositivo está funcionado muito bem e é possível navegar na internet e fazer a atualização normalmente com o “Ceni” gerenciando a conexão de rede. Enquanto que o mesmo Adaptador Wireless USB Ralink MT7601U no antiX full de 64 bits falha constantemente e não é possível navegar na internet ou fazer a atualização do sistema operacional com o “Ceni” gerenciando a conexão de rede.

    Os teste de instalação do pacote “rtl8188fu-dkms_1.0.3_amd64.deb” e os testes de conexão do antiX full de 64 bits com o Adaptador WiFi USB Realtek_8188FU, contendo os detalhes do processo estão no arquivo “Testes_com_o_USB_WiFi_Realtek_8188FU_no_antiX-19.3_full_64_bits.txt”.

    O comando para instalar o pacote funcionou muito bem.

    Eu peço desculpas …, sobre o endereço MAC, eu quis dizer que fui eu que alterei os dados do MAC no arquivo antes de anexar aqui no fórum. Desta vez, onde era para estar escrito o número do MAC estará escrito “XX:YY:ZZ:XX:YY:ZZ”, assim você fica ciente que fui eu que alterei estes dados e não o antiX ou outro programa.

    Eu acho que está em boas condições de uso com o pacote “rtl8188fu-dkms_1.0.3_amd64.deb”.

    Amanhã eu irei devolver os dois computadores para a ONG, eu vou levar o pacote “rtl8188fu-dkms_1.0.3_amd64.deb” para instalar nos outros computadores que tiverem o Adaptador WiFi USB Realtek_8188FU.

    Agora só ficou uma questão, eu tenho que verificar amanhã se os outros computadores que tiverem o Adaptador Wireless USB Ralink MT7601U se funcionarão ou não com o Ceni, caso eles não funcionem de forma adequada, o que será que eu devo fazer?

    Atualizar o kernel para outra versão ou instalar a ISO antiX-19-legacy-bet2_386-base.iso?

    Muito obrigado por me ajudar.

    marcelocripe

    #56917
    Member
    XecureXecure

    Eu fiz um teste que falta fazer, utilizar o Adaptador Wireless USB Ralink MT7601U no antiX Legacy (“antiX-19-legacy-bet2_386-base.iso”). Eu não sei porque, mas no Legacy este dispositivo está funcionado muito bem e é possível navegar na internet e fazer a atualização normalmente com o “Ceni” gerenciando a conexão de rede.

    That is good news. This means that the 4.4 kernel version works properly for this device. You can downgrade the kernel for the other computers to 4.4 and test the Ralink Wifi USB Adapter with that kernel. You can find it in the package installer under Kernel-antiX_64bit_legacy_LTS (or Kernel-antiX_32bit_legacy_LTS on 32 bits systems). If you need to download them offline, you can use the my-offline-repo program and search for antix legacy kernel, I think, so you can later install it offline.
    I will have to take a look at the my-offline-repo and update it to account for the new translated descriptions in packageinstaller-pkglist.

    If the other rtl8188fu driver works well after installing both dkms driver and firmware, then keep them for 64 bit systems and swap the Ralink one for 32 bit systems. This would be the easiest solution if you can’t compile the rtl8188fu driver for 32 bit systems.

    A note related to installing kernels. After installing a new kernel, you need to reboot to select it in the grub menu. If it is a newer kernel, it will be selected automatically, but if it is a lower version number kernel (like downgrading from 4.9 to 4.4), you need to select this “older” kernel from the advanced boot options in the grub menu. It should display all available kernels installed for you to select for boot. Select the desired kernel version, boot into your system, check that everything works as before, and then remove the other newer kernels you don’t want to use. You can use the cli-aptiX command to manage all installed kernels.
    Automatically, it will always try to boot the newest available kernels version, so that is why I recommend removing all higher kernel kersions you don’t want or need.

    Let me know if you want a more detailed or step by step explanation, in case the above is not too clear.

    #56918
    Member
    marcelocripemarcelocripe

    Xecure,

    Pela premira vez instalei um kernel novo … (risos), conectei o computador na rede com o cabo ethernet, no “Package Installer” eu escolhi o “Kernel 64 bits LTS 4.19.180”, após a conclusão da instalação eu reiniciei o computador. Eu verifiquei na inicialização a informação “4.19.180” e com o comando “$ uname -a”, eu conferi “Linux antix8 4.19.180-antix.1-amd64”. Eu reparei que o Conky passou a exibir o consumo de memória RAM que era em torno de 125 MB para a área de trabalho Space-IceWM, passou para cerca de 150 MB.

    A parte ruim deste teste foi que a conexão voltou a ficar ruim, tanto com o “Connman”, quanto com o “Ceni” gerenciando a conexão de rede, conecta mas a variação de sinal ficou ainda pior entre o valor zero e o máximo.

    Nova tentativa com o “Kernel 64 bits LTS 5.10.22”, reiniciei o computador, durante a inicialização do antiX foi exibida a informação sobre o “Kernel 5.10.22”. Eu reparei que o Conky passou a exibir o consumo de memória RAM que era em torno de 150 MB para a área de trabalho Space-IceWM, passou para cerca de 133 MB. Com o comando “$ uname -a”, eu conferi “Linux antix8 5.10.22-antix.1-amd64”.

    Agora piorou tudo, tanto com o “Connman”, quanto com o “Ceni” gerenciando a conexão de rede, não conseguem detectar o Adaptador WiFi USB Realtek_8188FU:

    $ lsusb
    Bus 001 Device 005: ID 0bda:f179 Realtek Semiconductor Corp.
    Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
    Bus 005 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    Bus 002 Device 002: ID 15d9:0a4f Trust International B.V. Optical Mouse
    Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub

    Conectei na outra porta USB:

    Bus 001 Device 008: ID 0bda:f179 Realtek Semiconductor Corp.

    Mas, infelizmente o “Connman” e o “Ceni” não conseguem detectar o Adaptador WiFi USB Realtek_8188FU. O Synaptic mostra que está instalado o rtl8188fu-dkms 1.0.3.

    O que é melhor eu fazer, instalar tudo de novo ou desinstalar o kernel 4.19.180 e o kernel 5.10.22?

    marcelocripe

    #56919
    Member
    XecureXecure

    2. Related to Realtek 8188fu
    […]
    1) Linux kernel from 4.15.x to 5.6.x (reason for which I recommended you install the antiX kernel 4.19.xxx).

    As stated above, only kernels from 4.15 to 5.6 will work with the rtl8188fu, so kernel 5.10 will not work for your case, though it seems you got it to work for kernel 4.9 (if I understand correctly from your previous post, so stick with 4.9).
    Reboot and select the 4.19 kernel (or the 4.9 kernel if you saw better wifi stability there) in the advanced grub options. Then, uninstall the unwanted kernels with the packageinstaller (if not possible, use cli-aptiX instead).

    Keep the kernel version you see gives you the best wifi connection. If needed, reinstall the dkms driver if you see necessary.

    #56920
    Member
    marcelocripemarcelocripe

    Os kernels de 4.15 a 5.6 não estão disponíveis no instalador de pacotes.

    Eu fiz o processo inverso, desinstalando primeiro o kernel “4.19.180”, após reiniciar a situação manteve-se a mesma sem que o Adaptador WiFi USB Realtek_8188FU fosse detectado. Desinstalei o “kernel 5.10.22”, após reiniciar o computador, o Wi-Fi USB foi detectado e voltou a funcionar de forma adequada.

    Amanhã eu vou até a ONG e o desafio continua, eu espero conseguir conectar todos os computadores na rede Wi-Fi do roteador da instituição e ainda permitir que possam ser utilizados em boas condições. Se eu tiver mais dificuldades eu retorno neste tópico.

    Muito obrigado por todos os seus ensinamentos neste tópico.

    marcelocripe

    #56987
    Member
    marcelocripemarcelocripe

    Xecure,

    Muito obrigado por todos os seus ensinamentos neste tópico.

    Todos os computadores da ONG estão conectados através da rede sem fio, todos os problemas foram contornados ou resolvidos com as suas orientações. Se não fosse pelo seu programa, o “antiX WiFi Switch”, tudo seria muito mais difícil durante todas estas etapas para a resolução dos problemas. Eu espero que este tópico possa ser útil para outras pessoas que tiverem estes dispositivos USB Wi-Fi.

    Grato.
    marcelocripe

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