Short essential how-to list for the complete Linux newbie

Forum Forums General Tips and Tricks Short essential how-to list for the complete Linux newbie

  • This topic has 6 replies, 4 voices, and was last updated Jul 18-2:56 am by Xecure.
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  • #37202
    Member
    AvatarPPC

    (Note: Some of this information is for users of the default antiX desktop- IceWM, but all Menu references are common to all antiX desktops IceWM. JWM and Fluxbox)

    1- Setting up wi-fi:
    – On the IceWM system tray (near the clock there should be at least 3 square icons, that show information about your computer…
    Left click the third icon, counting from the right to the left. Connman Network Settings pops up.
    You can also start “Connman” using Menu > Control Centre > Network > Wifi… (Connman)
    – Left click Wireless, on the left.
    – By default (maybe to save power) Wi-fi is set to “Disabled”- click the slide button on the top right to enable it.
    – Hopefully, a list of all detected wi-fi networks pops up. Double left click the one you want to connect to and, if needed, enter it’s password (for some reason Connman calls it “Passphrase”). Click the “ok” button.
    – To connect to a network, simply left click it and then click the “Connect” button

    *TIP 1: Do need internet access in your laptop and have no wi-fi? If you have a mobile data connection on your android phone, and it’s USB cable, you can try to use that to access the Net from your laptop: your on your 3G/4G/5G phone internet connection. Connect your phone to your antiX computer, find and activate, on your phone the data sharing/ USB sharing data option and turn that on. Click Connman and check if, in the “Wired” Connections you get any indication that a USB connection is on-line. It works just like a ethernet internet connection.

    *TIP 2: You can do a similar procedure to use your Wi-fi on a computer that does not have a wi-fi card. Access your wi-fi network from your android phone, connect it to your antiX computer using its USB cable, turn on the data sharing option on your phone and check, in connman, if a “Wired” network connection is active and, if so enjoy your wi-fi internet!

    2- Accessing your files:
    The default File Manager (it’s called “Rox”) looks too different from what you are used to? antiX has no shortage of file managers, you can try something that looks more like a mainstream File Manager (similar to Windows File Explorer, for example) – it’s called SpaceFM:
    Menu > Applications > System > SpaceFM

    Do you like SpaceFM enough to always want to use it to access your files? Make it the default File Manager:
    Menu > Control Centre > Default Applications (it’s the “yellow star” icon) > Click the input field to the right of “File Manager” and select “spacefm.desktop” from the list, Click “Open” on that selection window, then “Ok” on the main window. From now on, when you click the File Manager icon on the toolbar or the menu, or plug in and external drive, it will always launch SpaceFM.

    Do you miss having Bookmarks, like “Documents”, “Downloads”, etc?
    Open SpaceFM > Go to you “Downloads” folder > SpaceFM “Bookmarks” Menu > Confirm that “Show bookmarks” is checked > Click “add bookmark”.
    A bookmark to your Downloads folder instantly appears on the left side bar.
    You can create bookmarks to any folder you want to, repeating this process. To create a bookmark to your “Home” folder, where your files are stored, navigate to “/home/”, click the folder with your username and then “add bookmark”, etc.

    Do you want to see previews of your files ( picture and video files)?
    Open SpaceFM > SpaceFM “View” Menu > Preferences > Check “Show thumbnails” > Click “Ok”

    Do you want to search for a specific file (by file name or file content)?
    Menu > Applications> Acessories > SearchMonkey

    Can I access files from my usb thumbdrive, external drive?
    Any external drive should automaticaly come up on your screen, on your default file manager. If it does not, and you are using SpaceFM file manager, open it and check if your drive is listed on the “Devices” list, on the upper left corner of the screen. If it is, left click it to access it.

    Can I access files stored on the cloud?
    Sure:
    – use the file storage web interface or;
    – install any available interface (“Dropbox” and “Mega” can be installed from Package Manager). There are, at the present time, no official interfaces to “Google Drive” or Microsoft Cloud services for Linux, but you can install “Open Drive” from Package Manager- that allows acces to those services).
    – WARNING – THIS PROCEDURE IS RELATIVELY COMPLEX: you can also setup “Google Drive” to be accessed from your File Manager just like it was an external drive.
    (Read this antiX forum thread: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/mount-google-drive-as-a-network-drive-in-antix/
    BUT DON’T FOLLOW THE FIRST STEP (because you can risk damanging your system)!
    Just download the correct .deb file for your system (32 or 64 bits), from https://launchpad.net/~alessandro-strada/+archive/ubuntu/ppa/+packages.
    For my antiX 19, 64 bits OS, it’s “google-drive-ocamlfuse_0.7.22-0ubuntu1~ubuntu16.04.1_amd64.deb “. Right click it from your File Manager, choose to install it. NOTE: you should not install .deb files not meant for antiX!!! But, to the best of my knowledge, this is completely safe- it basicly just installs a binary file, that’s easy to uninstall if something goes wrong.
    Follow Steps 2 trough 4 of the Thread’s How-to.

    Edit: I created a script that allows antiX users to access cloud service drives ( like Google Drive, Ms OneDrive, etc) using rclone. Get the latest version of the script here: https://github.com/PPC-scripts/access_cloud
    Save the antiX version of the script to your computer. On your File Manager right click the file and make it “executable” (using SpaceFM: select the file and press CTRL + P. In the permission window, check the “Executable” field, then click the “ok” button.
    You can now execute the script. First, configure your cloud account (Google Drive can be automatically configured) then just click the name of the account and it’s contents open in your default File Manager.

    3- Do you want to update your system?
    Read the FAQ’s that show how to do it or:
    Just click the automatic update checker icon on the tray, next to the clock OR
    Menu > antiX > antiX Updater > enter your password if asked to > wait to see if there are any updates, if there are a black window with white letters pops up, listing all available updates – just press the “enter” key (yes, in the keyboard) and the update starts. A warning will pop up when the process is finished- Click its button and you are done.

    4- Do you want to install an application?
    There are so many ways to install stuff in Linux in general and antiX in particular! Read this antiX forum thread: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/how-to-install-applications-2020-version/
    Quick start: Press the “Shopping Bag” icon on the toolbar, right next to the “Menu” button, to open “Package Manager” (or Menu > Control Centre > “System” tab > “Package Manager”)
    Search for what you want to install. A black terminal window pops up during the install process. If it asks you to confirm something, just press the “enter” key, and wait for the installation to finish.
    Note: this is only to install essential software or very used applications: web browsers (Google Chrome, Chromium, Firefox, Tor Browser), Mozilla Thunderbird e-mail client, Java, Wine, Steam, the most recent LibreOffice and GIMP versions, VLC media player, etc.
    If you want access to ALL available (Debian and antiX) applications, run “Synaptic package manager” (Menu > Control Centre > “System” tab > “Synaptic Package Manager” > enter your password if asked to > select what you want to install)

    5- Can you install Ubuntu repositories, PPA’s, Snap files or other Ubuntu specific software?
    Sure, it’s a free world. Install Ubuntu or any of it’s countless derivative OS’s.
    Install .deb files meant for others OS’s on antiX at your own risk, because you can harm your system.

    P.

    • This topic was modified 2 months ago by anticapitalista.
    • This topic was modified 1 month, 3 weeks ago by PPC.
    • This topic was modified 1 month, 3 weeks ago by PPC.
    #37280
    Member
    XecureXecure

    Fantastic guide, PPC.

    If you could add ROX filer info for the same thing (thumbnails, etc), I think we could pin this so people can see it and I can easily find it to redirect new users.

    Great work! Very helpful.

    #37287
    Moderator
    masinickmasinick

    Fantastic guide, PPC.

    If you could add ROX filer info for the same thing (thumbnails, etc), I think we could pin this so people can see it and I can easily find it to redirect new users.

    Great work! Very helpful.

    +1 – I agree; great work!

    Brian Masinick

    #37485
    Member
    AvatarPPC

    Just so we have all the “essential” tips in the same place, I paste here some more, adapted from https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/small-list-of-usually-unkown-antix-apps-2/

    6 – Adding application’s icons to your (tool)bar (If you are using the default Icewm antiX desktop) :
    Menu > antiX > Icewm Toolbar Icon Manager > Click the “Add icon” button > select the .desktop file of the application you want to have on your toolbar > Click the “Ok” button and the icon instantly appears on your toolbar.
    [If you don’t want to add another icon, you can close the Toolbar Icon Manager.]

    7.- Adding application’s icons to the desktop:
    If you are using the Default antiX desktop (or any other managed by Rox): Menu > Run > type (without the quotes) “rox /usr/share/applications” > “Ok” button > Drag and drop, from the windows that pops open, the icons you want to have on your desktop. Double right click the icons to rename them (you can safely delete the “.desktop” extension)

    8.- Changing desktop background:
    Menu > Control Centre > “Desktop” Tab > choose Desktop Image

    9.- Turning the desktop’s resource monitor (Conky) on/ off:
    Menu > Conky on/off

    10.- Automatically starting an application after booting:
    Menu > Run > type (without the quotes) “add-start” > “Add” tab > type the app you want to start at boot > press the “add” button
    TIP: if you don’t know the command to start the app you want to add to your start up, it’s a relatively easy process:
    Menu > Aplications > System > app select
    Search for the application you want. Do you see line, under your app that starts with “Exec:”? The rest of that line is the command you need to run your app! (Sadly you can’t copy and paste it, you have to manually enter it in the “add-start” application…)

    11.- Do you want system notifications (Ex: pop ups on your screen that let you know when you got e-mail, etc?
    antiX does not provide that out of the box, but it’s easy to solve:
    Run Package manager and install “Dunst”, that provides that (by default notifications come up on the right upper corner of the screen)

    Newbies, I know this day and age people don’t like reading, but believe me, searching the Forum is usually the fastest way possible to solve any problem, learn to do something. Voluntaries spend a lot of time and resources to create How-tos and answer user’s questions, when most of those questions was already answered before!
    We (more experienced users, and the Dev team) are aware that antiX may not be as user friendly as some other Operating Systems you may be used to, but it is, for the most part, very easy to use for the more common stuff you want to do, things are just done a bit differently (it’s the same when you use a system different from what you are used to Windows 10 is different from Windows 7, Windows is different from MacOS, an android phone is different from an IOS phone, etc)!
    If you want to do something more than simply clicking icons for applications that come installed out of the box, please take some minutes and take a look at all Control Centre entries, and also at Menu > Applications > antiX ; Menu > Applications > Preferences ; Menu > Applications > System

    and then, if you still can’t figure things out, search the forum… then, if you still found no way of solving your problem, DO POST your question here!
    It can take some 30- 45 minutes to do what I say here, but that’s probably faster than waiting for someone to answer your queries!

    P.

    • This reply was modified 2 months ago by PPC.
    #37516
    Member
    AvatarPPC

    One more “advanced” tip:

    12.- Do you want a “taskswitcher”, a way to switch windows that shows previews of all non minized windows?
    You can have it, but it takes a little bit of work:
    Menu > Terminal
    sudo apt install skippy-xd
    [ enter your password if asked to]
    Menu > Control Centre > Edit… ICeWM > “Toolbar” tab >
    and, right after the line that says “### Commonly used applications” [or anywhere else you want to put the icon] paste this line:
    prog "Task switcher" /usr/share/icons/papirus-antix/48x48/actions/dialog-rows-and-columns.png skippy-xd
    Save the text file you just edited (press CTRL + S )
    Menu > Logout right arrow > Restart Icewm
    You now have an icon that, when clicked, lets you preview in real time, all non minimized windows (minimized ones are represented by the app’s icon) – Just like you have in Windows 10, MacOS, Android, etc…
    [Note: itś a tiny program, that takes almost no resources, and it’s the single “eye candy” I have on my system, because it does make antiX just look like any other modern Operating System, and it’s really usefull, if you have many open windows]

    P.

    #37929
    Member
    Avatarseaken64

    Thank you PPC. Very helpful guides.

    Seaken64

    #39079
    Member
    XecureXecure

    A video I just discovered today for people really new to antiX and linux. Shows the most basic stuff, but enough for a starter who uses the machine for basic stuff.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p-cijMgLJbk

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