Short essential how-to list for the complete Linux newbie

Forum Forums General Tips and Tricks Short essential how-to list for the complete Linux newbie

  • This topic has 90 replies, 35 voices, and was last updated Apr 14-6:30 pm by PPC.
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    Brian Masinick

      Oh yeah, let’s put this one here too, since it comes up so often:

      How do you load the antiX distribution “

        to RAM

      “? (Use the toram boot option).

      Also see
      It’s discussed here too, if you read all of the documentation:

      Brian Masinick


        I was concerned about putting ICONS on the desktop so I could “quick launch”
        and before I saw someone’s explanation on how to do it I:—–

        I went to the package installer and grabbed a new desktop.
        I downloaded the full CINNAMON desktop (KDE Plasma would probably be fine also).
        Then I called up the main menu, hit DESKTOP and then CINNAMON.

        Then when I called up the menu it was different, and when I right clicked
        on the ones I wanted it let me put them onto my desktop.

        This was NOT brave as I won’t become an antiX expert this way, but hey, I’m 89 yrs old and having fun anyway.
        One of these days I need to see about how/where to learn a bit about the LINUX “lingo.”


          Glad you do it for fun .. turnbub,

          most here don’t use kde or Cinnamon on a regular basis. I hope have fun.
          The menus in Cinnamon and LXDE, KDE, etc will be different as they populate them
          with different ways. and as far as 89 years old goes, I’m trying to catch up 1 year at a time.

          Age is only a number, the spirit always varies and tells the true story.


            Great Guide:
            Really Really helpful


              Here’s a new entry:
              How to install Flatpaks in antiX

              -To install the flatpak package flatpak in antiX 21, and add a repository (tested in a 32bits system):

              sudo apt update && sudo apt install flatpak lxpolkit && flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub

              -Search for flatpak apps:
              Either download a .flatpak file and install it or in your browser, visit
              At this time there are 1407 apps available.
              Select the file you want to download, copy the relevant install command, open a terminal and paste the command there and press enter (yup, the terminal does not bite)

              -To add the installed flatpak apps to your menu:
              Menu > Terminal (yes, you’ll have to paste a line in the terminal and press enter, it still won’t bite)
              sudo cp /var/lib/flatpak/exports/share/applications/*.desktop /usr/share/applications && desktop-menu --write-out-global


              • This reply was modified 2 years, 3 months ago by PPC.

                (continuing the Flatpak how to)

                -Listing all applications installed via flatpak:
                flatpak list

                -Updating an application installed via flatpak:
                ‘flatpak update [full_name_of_the_app_as_listed_in_the_previous_example]`

                -Removing an application installed via flatpak:
                sudo flatpak uninstall [full_name_of_the_app_as_listed_in_the_previous_example]

                -Adding permissions so an application installed via flatpak has full access to your system:
                sudo flatpak override [full_name_of_the_app_as_listed_in_the_previous_example] --filesystem=host

                -Adding permissions so an application installed via flatpak has full access to your home folder:
                sudo flatpak override [full_name_of_the_app_as_listed_in_the_previous_example] --filesystem=home

                Full list of available flatpak commands:

                As you can see, using flatpaks in antix is not very user friendly yet…


                • This reply was modified 2 years, 3 months ago by PPC.
                • This reply was modified 2 years, 3 months ago by PPC.
                • This reply was modified 2 years, 3 months ago by PPC.
                Brian Masinick

                  PPC has, and continues to do an outstanding job of providing us with excellent information; if you read his articles and tips, both in this topic and others, there is no reason that most people will have difficulties using antiX, as long as they really do read what he has to say, think about it, try it, and ask questions if unsure.

                  With that said, I’m hesitant to add anything else to deflect or otherwise alter all of the great work that he does. Still, it’s also good for the learner to occasionally read from other publications. We have an outstanding distribution, no doubt about it. Still, some will find our distribution perfect, while others will go seeking something else. Just to be open, fair, and reasonable, (and NOT to detract from the great work here), I did come across some Linux Basics Archives at, and some of them may be useful to further validate and agree with what PPC has written so well.
         is, as the page indicates, a collection of items that may be useful to the Linux Beginner. It covers topics like an introduction to /etc/fstab, the Linux Filesystem table, managing disk partitions with gparted (there are other partition tools besides gparted that can be used as an alternative, such as fdisk, parted, qtparted, etc.). Another topic is moving a home directory to a new partition or another disk.

                  There is plenty more on that site, and a lot that can be viewed from that specific reference provided above, so I hope that this information will be useful to some recent Linux users, and maybe even to a few people who have used Linux software for years, but have not fully utilized all of the available capabilities, so I hope this is helpful additional reading for at least a few people. Happy reading!

                  Brian Masinick


                    Thanks for these useful short essential tips.

                    Re: add-start

                    10.- Automatically starting an application after booting:
                    Menu > Run > type (without the quotes) “add-start” > “Add” tab > type the app you want to start at boot > press the “add” button
                    TIP: if you don’t know the command to start the app you want to add to your start up, it’s a relatively easy process:
                    Menu > Aplications > System > app select
                    Search for the application you want. Do you see line, under your app that starts with “Exec:”? The rest of that line is the command you need to run your app! (Sadly you can’t copy and paste it, you have to manually enter it in the “add-start” application…)

                    I downloaded the AntiX-base ISO.
                    The add-start script is not included in that ISO.
                    I installed the script using Synaptic Package Manager.

                    Its good to have these tips in one place. It may be worth including need to get add-start from Synaptic in the Wiki.

                    Thanks to all the AntiX team and to the forum.

                    Brian Masinick

                      This is one of the links we recommend new users to visit; read the posts at the beginning of this topic for a lot of helpful tips!


                      Brian Masinick


                        There is an easier way to have NumLock on at start up. You can go into Sign In Manager from Control Centre and click on the box to turn on num lock at signin. No need to install numlockx or and an entry to the startup file, etc.


                          There is an easier way to have NumLock on at start up.


                          Brian Masinick

                            Another “reminder” that comes up often:


                            Brian Masinick

                            Empty Handed

                              Im facing a weird problem. Sound panel on bottom taskbar wont show up. Did i miss something? After uninstalled Streamtuner2 it disappeared and also Conky wont start up after that as well.
                              Any help?

                              volumeicon & seems to be on desktop seesion file.

                              edit: Also i have a snapshot iso from which the problem didnt occur. How i can restore to it?

                              • This reply was modified 1 year, 7 months ago by Empty Handed.
                              • This reply was modified 1 year, 7 months ago by Empty Handed.

                                I presume when you removed streamtuner you said yes to removing other applications.

                                You may be better off using your snapshot.

                                Use antiX live usb maker to put your backup ISO on to a suitable stick

                                When you make a snapshot please always create a live stick and check that it will boot to a desktop.
                                Fails are in my experience very unusual but can happen. Alternative to stick a DVD can also be created
                                if your system is not too large due added software or on a personal backup included files from home.

                                Empty Handed

                                  Well i tried a clean format again without upgrading to sid and this problem occured again. No sound control at bottom panel and no conky panel. I have to start it. And sound works OK. Is this a bug?

                                  edit: Sorry my mistake it was by Minimal choice of Desktop.

                                  • This reply was modified 1 year, 7 months ago by Empty Handed.
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