Short essential how-to list for the complete Linux newbie

Forum Forums General Tips and Tricks Short essential how-to list for the complete Linux newbie

  • This topic has 66 replies, 25 voices, and was last updated Dec 6-3:36 pm by PPC.
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  • #88417
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    Empty Handed
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    Well i tried a clean format again without upgrading to sid and this problem occured again. No sound control at bottom panel and no conky panel. I have to start it. And sound works OK. Is this a bug?

    edit: Sorry my mistake it was by Minimal choice of Desktop.

    • This reply was modified 2 months, 4 weeks ago by Empty Handed.
    #88420
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    Brian Masinick
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    Conky can be turned on and off.

    The items in the panel are altered by a configuration file, different for each window manager.

    Presumably that includes the sound control.

    If you don’t find it I will look at the specific configuration later.

    Brian Masinick

    #92281
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    I noticed a few threads here in the forum that I think are noteworthy of being here in this sticky post, that serves almost as a “unofficial” how to for antiX:

    Do you want to “snap” a window to the top/bottom/left/right half of the screen?
    antiX comes, out of the box with keybindings that allow you to do that (as of the time I write this, there is no way to drag the window and force it to change it’s shape, so you have to press a certain key combination to change the format and position of your window automatically). On the default window manager (icewm), you can also right click the title bar of the window and select the “Tiling” options (the 6th menu entry from the bottom). Please note that there are also options, on that menu to automatically rearrange several all open windows (great if you are working with 2 to 4 windows).
    The keybindings to “tile” the windows can be consulted in menu > Control Center > Icewm… > “Keys” Tab.
    The forum user Wallon made available a great and ilustrated tutorial on how to create shortcuts for the Icewm “tiling” options (that have the same effect has the default icewm keys, but work in a different way, and may work better in multi-monitor systems). I summed it up here: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/icewm-moving-windows-with-keyboard-shortcuts/#post-91658

    Do you want to press a keybinding and see a flashing visual marker showing you where the mouse pointer is?
    This comes as a default feature in some Operating Systems, but it’s not available, out of the box in antiX. There’s a relatively easy procedure to follow that makes that feature available under antiX here: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/highlighting-the-mouse-pointer/

    Does your keyboard/laptop not have LED indicators that show if Caps Lock is on/off?
    There is a package that allows you yo have a key-lock indicator in the system tray. There are detailed instructions on how to install it, for antiX 21/22 here: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/keylock-indicator/

    Do you want to add more themes to antiX (to antiX’s default window manager, IceWM)?

    I wrote a small tutorial about that here: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/how-to-add-new-themes-to-icewm-window-manager/#post-91906

    Do the coordinates of the window that you are dragging show up on your screen and you don’t like that?
    There’s a way to disable that Icewm feature: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/coordinates-when-dragging-the-windows/#post-92024

    For users withe very old hardware (even 32bits machines):

    If LibreOffice is too resource intensive on your computer you can try a lighter office suite: OpenOffice, from which LibreOffice originated. There’s a nice “how to” about that here, that even includes the link to a 64bits Appimage: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/openoffice-instead-of-libreoffice-for-antix-32-bit-machines/#post-92233

    If you find that surfing the modern web is too slow on your computer, you can try some browsers, as pointed out here: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/pale-moon-a-web-browser-for-very-old-laptops/
    Please note that I suggest Min for 32bits devices, but that 32bits version is old (this means any security flaws were not patched, so don’t use it for anything security related like home-banking, etc) – but it works great for viewing webpages and even YouTube (at 360p, on my old 32bits laptop) if you want to be served countless adds.

    P.

    • This reply was modified 1 month ago by PPC.
    #92318
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    Dear moderators (I already talked about this in Mr Masinick)- below is an updated version for the original post of this thread (as far as I know, no perfectly up to date). Feel free to insert the changes in the OP and then delete this post!

    ####

    (Note: Some of this information is for users of the default antiX desktop- IceWM, but all Menu references are common to all antiX desktops IceWM. JWM and Fluxbox. I’m also assume you are using antiX’s “Full” version)- This version of the Original Post was altered in 4/10/2022

    1- Setting up Wi-fi:
    – On current antiX versions (21 and 22) when you start your system, if no cabled internet connection (or an already configured wi-fi connection) is detected, antiX’s network manager (Connman – from “CONnection MANager) automatically pops up.
    You can also, at any time, launch connman using IceWM’s system tray (near the clock there should be at least 3 square icons, that show information about your computer…
    Left click the third icon, counting from the right to the left. Connman Network Settings pops up.
    You can also start “Connman” using Menu > Control Centre > Network > Wifi… (Connman)
    – On Connman’s main window: on the “Status” Tab: by default (maybe to save power) Wi-fi should be set to “Disabled”- is it’s disabled, make sure to left click the “Powered” button (it should be green, not red).
    – Hopefully, a list of all detected Wi-fi networks pops up, available on the “Wireless” tab. Double left click the one you want to connect to and, if needed, enter it’s password (for some reason Connman calls it “Passphrase”). Click the “ok” button. [Note: if, for some reason you don’t see the “Ok” button, use the horizontal slider to “slide the window’s content, so you can see it, in the lower right of the window OR force the window to full screen, by pressing alt + F11 – a tip that should work in any window)
    – To connect to a Wi-fi network, simply left click it and then click the “Connect” button
    *TIP 1: Do need internet access in your laptop and have no wi-fi? If you have a mobile data connection on your android phone, and it’s USB cable, you can try to use that to access the Net from your laptop: your on your 3G/4G/5G phone internet connection. Connect your phone to your antiX computer, find and activate, on your phone the data sharing/ USB sharing data option and turn that on. Click Connman and check if, in the “Wired” Connections you get any indication that a USB connection is on-line. It works just like a ethernet internet connection.
    *TIP 2: You can do a similar procedure to use your Wi-fi on a computer that does not have a Wi-fi card. Access your Wi-fi network from your android device, connect it to your antiX computer using its USB cable, turn on the data sharing option on your phone and check, in connman, if a “Wired” network connection is active and, if so enjoy your Wi-fi internet!

    2- Accessing your files:
    The default File Manager (it’s called “Rox”) looks too different from what you are used to? antiX has no shortage of file managers, you can try something that looks more like a mainstream File Manager (similar to Windows File Explorer, for example) – it’s called ZZZFM (a fork, created by the fórum user Skidoo, of the previous “secondary” File Manager that older versions used to ship with- SpaceFM):
    Menu > Applications > System > ZzzFM
    Do you like ZzzFM/SpaceFM enough to always want to use it to access your files? Make it the default File Manager:
    Menu > Control Centre > Default Applications (it’s the “yellow star” icon) > Click the input field to the right of “File Manager” and select “zzzfm” from the list, Click “Apply”. From now on, when you click the File Manager icon on the toolbar or the menu, or plug in and external drive, etc, it will always launch ZzzFM/SpaceFM.
    Do you miss having Bookmarks, like “Documents”, “Downloads”, etc?
    Open ZzzFM > Go to you “Downloads” folder > SpaceFM “Bookmarks” Menu > Confirm that “Show bookmarks” is checked > Click “add bookmark”.
    A bookmark to your Downloads folder instantly appears on the left side bar.
    You can create bookmarks to any folder you want to, repeating this process. To create a bookmark to your “Home” folder, where your files are stored, navigate to “/home/”, click the folder with your username and then “add bookmark”, etc.
    Do you want to see previews of your files ( picture and video files)?
    Open ZzzFM > ZzzFM “View” Menu > Preferences > Check “Show thumbnails” > Click “Ok”

    Do you want to search for a specific file (by file name or file content)?
    Menu > Applications> Acessories > SearchMonkey

    Can I access files from my usb thumbdrive, external drive?
    Any external drive should automaticaly come up on your screen, on your default file manager. If it does not, and you are using ZzzFM file manager, open it and check if your drive is listed on the “Devices” list, on the upper left corner of the screen. If it is, left click it to access it.

    Can I access files stored on the cloud?
    Sure:
    – use the file storage web interface or;
    – install any available interface (“Dropbox” and “Mega” can be installed from Package Manager). There are, at the present time, no official interfaces to “Google Drive” or Microsoft Cloud (AKA “Onedrive”) for Linux, but you can install “Open Drive” from Package Manager- that allows access to those services).
    – WARNING – THIS PROCEDURE IS RELATIVELY COMPLEX: you can also setup “Google Drive” to be accessed from your File Manager just like it was an external drive.
    I created a script that allows antiX users to access cloud service drives ( like Google Drive, Ms OneDrive, etc) using rclone. You can get it by installing the package “ft10-transformation”.
    You can also manually get the a version of the script here: https://github.com/PPC-scripts/access_cloud
    Save the antiX version of the script to your computer. On your File Manager right click the file and make it “executable” (using ZzzFM/SpaceFM: select the file and press CTRL + P. In the permission window, check the “Executable” field, then click the “ok” button.

    When you have “access_cloud” installed, before being able to access your cloud drive, First, you have to configure your account (Google Drive can be automatically configured) then just click the name of the account and it’s contents open in your default File Manager. Please note that all other Cloud Drives have to be manually set up, using a menu driven by numbered choices, from a terminal window…

    3- Do you want to update your system?

    IMPORTANT:
    by default antiX does not automatically update it self (like most Operating Systems). You have to check for updates and install them!
    Menu > antiX > antiX Updater > enter your password if asked to > wait to see if there are any updates, if there are a black window with white letters pops up, listing all available updates – just press the “enter” key (yes, in the keyboard) and the update starts. A warning will pop up when the process is finished- Click its button and you are done.
    OR
    If you installed and enabled the automatic update checker (it’s not installed by default in current antiX versions because it uses system resources), just click it’s icon on the tray next to the clock
    OR
    Menu > Terminal and type this commands (or copy and paste them in the terminal):
    sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

    OR
    sudo apt update && sudo apt dist-upgrade

    Enter your password if asked to, and wait for the update process to finish.

    4- Do you want to install an application?
    There are so many ways to install stuff in Linux in general and antiX in particular! Read this antiX forum thread: https://www.antixforum.com/forums/topic/how-to-install-applications-2020-version/
    Quick start: Press the “Shopping Bag” icon on the toolbar, right next to the “Menu” button, to open “Package Manager” (or Menu > Control Centre > “System” tab > “Package Manager”)
    Search for what you want to install. A black terminal window pops up during the install process. If it asks you to confirm something, just press the “enter” key to accept the default answer (ex: yes, I want to install all available updates- NB on some very rare occasions, like when updating GRUB or installing Drivers, you may need to answer questions, like choosing where to install Grub, etc.- be very careful selecting the correct option!- I think that you use “tab” to highlight your selection- please do check this!), and wait for the installation to finish.
    Note: this is only to install essential software or very used applications: web browsers (Google Chrome, Chromium, Firefox, Tor Browser), Mozilla Thunderbird e-mail client, Java, Wine, Steam, the most recent LibreOffice and GIMP versions, VLC media player, etc.
    If you want access to ALL available (Debian and antiX) applications, run “Synaptic package manager” (Menu > Control Centre > “System” tab > “Synaptic Package Manager” > enter your password if asked to > select what you want to install)
    In case you want to remove any application from your system, Synaptic is also the graphical way (GUI) to do that– WARNING: as in any system, be very careful when deleting apps- delete only apps that you installed, and, except if you know what you are doing: DO NOT TRY TO REMOVE ANTIX DEFAULT APPLICATIONS– you may “brick your system” – unlike in other OS, you can do exactly what you want, remove anything, there are no “sacred corporate apps”- this also means that you can remove stuff that you should not remove, if you want to have a fully working system!

    5- Can you install Ubuntu repositories, PPA’s, Snap files or other Ubuntu specific software?
    Sure, it’s a free world. Install Ubuntu or any of it’s countless derivative OS’s.
    Install .deb files meant for others OS’s on antiX at your own risk, because you can harm your system, and end up needing to reinstall it.

    P.

    • This reply was modified 1 month ago by PPC.
    • This reply was modified 1 month ago by PPC.
    • This reply was modified 1 month ago by PPC.
    #92350
    Moderator
    Brian Masinick
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    The suggestions by PPC above to update his excellent and helpful article have been updated in the original (first) post of this thread.

    Brian Masinick

    #92674
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    Another small piece of info that I think deserves to be here:

    How to use a Touchpad with antiX (this should apply to about all Linuxes):

    To click, tap on the touchpad. To double-click, tap twice. To drag an item, double-tap but don’t lift your finger after the second tap. Drag the item where you want it, then lift your finger to drop.

    P.

    • This reply was modified 1 month ago by PPC.
    #92677
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    Brian Masinick
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    Thanks again PPC!

    Brian Masinick

    #92700
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    turnbub
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    How do UNSUBSCRIBE from notifications?

    #92702
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    Rantanplan
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    Hi turnbub,

    sorry, but

    which notifications, please ? Forum, session…?

    Have you search on-line or in the forum, in faq, WIKI, etc ?

    Thank you.

    • This reply was modified 4 weeks, 1 day ago by Rantanplan.

    Vive antiX !
    Vive le Groland !

    #92713
    Moderator
    Brian Masinick
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    When you reply to a thread or create a thread, you can select a check box where you indicate whether you want to receive replies or not.
    If you don’t want to receive them, visit the threads that you have previously checked and UNCHECK the ones you no longer want to receive.
    Cumbersome perhaps, but you get what you ask for; make sure to check only things you WANT to receive, remove the rest or you’ll continue to receive additional replies.

    Brian Masinick

    #93700
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    Here is another tip, that I learned yesterday here in the forum (I did not know antix provided an Out Of The Box solution for this):

    You don’t want to have a wallpaper on your desktop (you prefere a solid color instead)?

    antiX Menu > Control Centre > … Wallpaper > On the drop down selection, choose the last option (no wallpaper) > Click the “Apply” button

    The default color that is displayed in your desktop background is black. If you are in the “no wallpaper” mode, you have a button, on the lower left, that allows you to pick a color.

    P.

    #93740
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    Rantanplan
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    Hi PPC,

    I don’t see it with antix 21 Full 32bit liveUsb.

    The “path” followed by me is :
    menu antiX
    antiX Control Center
    Desktop
    Wallpaper
    Is it right ?

    In the drop down, i find 3 items (Statique, fond d’écran aléatoire, fond d’écran aléatoire minuté).

    Thank you.

    Friendship.

    Vive antiX !
    Vive le Groland !

    #93742
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    In the drop down, i find 3 items (Statique, fond d’écran aléatoire, fond d’écran aléatoire minuté).

    Yes, it seems you are missing the forth and last entry “No wallpaper”- I’m on my 64bits netbook right now that does show that option. When I’m on my 32bits laptop, I’ll have to check if it displays that last option.

    PS: Is your antiX up to date? I’m not sure when that feature became available, I just discovered it myself…

    P.

    • This reply was modified 2 weeks, 1 day ago by PPC.
    #93747
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    caprea
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    $ apt-cache policy wallpaper-antix
    wallpaper-antix:
      Installiert:           0.6.13
      Installationskandidat: 0.6.13
      Versionstabelle:
     *** 0.6.13 500
            500 https://mirror.23m.com/mx-packages/antix/bullseye bullseye/main amd64 Packages
            500 https://mirror.23m.com/mx-packages/antix/bullseye bullseye/main i386 Packages
            100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
         0.6.4 500
            500 https://mirror.23m.com/mx-packages/antix/bullseye bullseye/nosystemd amd64 Packages
            500 https://mirror.23m.com/mx-packages/antix/bullseye bullseye/nosystemd i386 Packages
    
    #93748
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    Rantanplan
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    Here, my environment :
    System:
    Host: antix1 Kernel: 4.9.0-279-antix.1-486-smp i686 bits: 32 compiler: gcc
    v: 10.2.1 Desktop: IceWM 2.8.0 vt: 7 dm: N/A
    Distro: antiX-21_386-full Grup Yorum 31 October 2021

    and here, wallpaper :

    Attachments:

    Vive antiX !
    Vive le Groland !

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